Saturday, 1 October 2011

The worst Disaster ever to hit the world..Part 1

Dear Readers,

For many thousand years the world has seen so many disaster be it caused by Mother Nature, Pandemic, plague, war and these disasters has caused so many loses in human lives, infrastructure loses, and the amount of monetary required to rebuild what was destroyed.

These loses has seen how the world has come together to help rescue victim of the aftermath, and rebuild what was lost.

As I search through the internet I come across a site compiled by David B. Hall some the the 66 most tragic and worst disaster ever to hit the earth.

Here are the list of 66 worst disaster ever recorded, the amount of loses maybe in accurate as such the lost maybe an estimated figures only.

01)        Syria, Aleppo - 1138
            Earthquake kills 230,000 people
The earth quake was located near the town of Aleppo in northern Syria on 11 October 1138. TheUnited States Geological Survey lists it as the third deadliest earthquake in history.[1] However, the figure of 230,000 dead is based on a historical conflation of this earthquake with earthquakes in November 1137 on the Jazira plain and the large seismic event of 30 September 1139 in the Azerbaijani city of Ganja. The first mention of a 230,000 death toll was by Ibn Taghribirdi in the fifteenth century. (resource : wikipedia)

02)        Japan, 1181
            famine wipes out at least 100,000 people
03)        Netherlands, 1228
            Estimate: 100,000 lives lost from the flooding after some dykes broke.
04)        Netherlands, 1287
The Zuider Zee flooded after a seawall callapsed. At least 50,000 people were killed in Holland and more than 500 in England as a result.

05)        Egypt and Syria, 1201
The deadliest earthquake in history hit the eastern Mediterranean in July 1201. Approximately 1.1 million  
people were killed, mostly in Egypt and Syria. This makes it close to one of the ten worst natural 
disasters in recorded history.

06)        China, 1290
            Earthquake takes at least 100,000 people.
The 1290 Chihli earthquake occurred on 27 September with an epicenter near Ningcheng,Inner Mongolia. The earthquake had an estimated magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum felt intensity of IX (violent) on the mercalli 
intensity scale. It is estimated that about 100,000 people were killed. The earthquake destroyed 480 storehouses and countless houses in Ningcheng.Changping,HejianRenqiu, XiongxianBaodingYixian and Baixiang were also            affected.[1] It severely damaged the Fengguo Temple in Yixian
07)        Most of Europe and beyond, 1347-1350
Approximately 25 million lost their lives through the "Black Death" - the bubonic plague. Between 25 and 33% of the entire population of Europe at that time, plus millions in Asia and North Africalost their lives.

08)        hina, 1556
            arthquake in Shansi, China kills about 830,000
The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake (Chinese华县大地pinyinHuà xiàn dà dìzhèn) or Jiajing earthquake (Chinese嘉靖大地震pinyinjiājìng dà dìzhèn) was a catastrophic earthquake and is also the deadliest earthquake on record, killing approximately 830,000 people.[1] It occurred on the morning of 23 January1556 in Shaanxi, during the Ming Dynasty. More than 97 counties in the provinces of ShaanxiShanxiHenanGansuHebeiShandongHubeiHunan,Jiangsu and Anhui were affected.[2] An 840-kilometre (520 mi)-wide area was destroyed,[3] and in some counties 60% of the population was killed.[4] Most of the population in the area at the time lived in yaodongs, artificial caves in loesscliffs, many of which collapsed during the catastrophe with great loss of life.

09)        China, 1642
            Flooding takes about 300,000 lives.
Kaifeng, a prefecture-level city in eastern Henan province, People's Republic of China, located along the southern bank of the Yellow River, was flooded during a siege in 1642 by the Ming Dynasty army and by the peasant rebels led by Li Zicheng with water from the Yellow River.[1]Over 300,000 of the 378,000 residents of Kaifeng were killed by the flood and the ensuing peripheral disasters such as famine and plague.[2] The flood is sometimes referred to as a natural disaster due to the role of the Huang He river and is currently listed as the 7th deadliest natural disaster in history with a death toll of some 300,000.

10)        Spain, 1649
            Plague takes about 80,000 lives in Seville.

11)        England, 1665
            More than 100,000 lives were taken by the plagueLondon was worst hit.
The Great Plague (1665–1666) was a massive outbreak of disease in the Kingdom of England (modern day United Kingdom) that killed an estimated 100,000 people, 20% of London's population.[1] The disease is identified as bubonic plague, an infection by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, transmitted through a fleavector. It   
had arrived in Europe 300 years previously as the Black Death and returned in fresh outbreaks every 10 years or so, of which the Great Plague of London was the last major outbreak.[2] The 1665-1666epidemic was on a far smaller scale than the earlier "Black Deathpandemic, a virulent outbreak of disease in Europe between 1347 and 1353.[3] The plague of 1665 was only remembered afterwards as the "great" plague because it was one of the last widespread outbreaks in England.

12)        Japan, 1730
            Earthquake took the lives of some 137,000 people.
13)        India, 1737
            First it was thought to be an earthquake, but more recent scientific studies have re classified it as a   
            typhoon - this tragedy killed some300,000 in Calcutta.

14)        Portugal, 1755
            Over 100,000 lost their lives through "the Lisbon earthquake" and resulting tsunami.
The 1755 Lisbon earthquake, also known as the Great Lisbon Earthquake, was amegathrust earthquake that took place on Saturday 1 November 1755, at around 9:40 in the morning.[1] The earthquake was followed by fires and a tsunami, which caused near-total destruction of Lisbon in the Kingdom of Portugal, and adjoining areas. Seismologists today estimate the Lisbon earthquake had a magnitude in the range 8.5–9.0 on the moment magnitude scale,[2] with an epicenter in the Atlantic Ocean about 200 km (120 mi) west-southwest of Cape St. Vincent. Estimates place the death toll in Lisbon alone between 10,000 and 100,000 people,[3] making it one of the deadliest earthquakes in history.

15)        India, 1769
            About ten million people lost their lives from a famine in Bengal
The Bengal famine of 1770 (Bengali: ৭৬-এর মন্বন্তরChhiattōrer monnōntór; lit The Famine of '76) was a catastrophic famine between 1769 and 1773 (1176 to 1180 in the Bengali calendar) that affected the lower Gangetic plain of India. The famine is estimated to have caused the deaths of 10 million people (one out of three, reducing the population to thirty million in Bengal, which included Bihar and parts of Orissa). The Bengali names derives from its origins in the Bengali calendaryear 1176. ("Chhiattōr"- "76"; "monnōntór"-    "famine" in Bengali).

16)        North America, 1775-82
            Smallpox takes around 130,000 lives.

17)        Iran, 1780
As many as 200,000 were killed in an earthquake near Tabriz.

18)        Iceland, 1783
a volcanic eruption (that included the largest basalt flow in recorded history) poisoned the island's pastures and caused the starvation of about 25% of the population - 30,000+.

The system erupted over an 8 month period during 1783-1784 from the Laki fissure and the adjoining Grímsvötn volcano, pouring out an estimated 14 km3 (3.4 cu mi) of basaltlava and clouds of poisonous hydrofluoric acid/sulfur-dioxide compounds that killed over 50% of Iceland's livestock population, leading to famine which killed approximately 25% of the population.[4]
The Laki eruption and its aftermath has been estimated to have killed over six million people[5] globally, making it the deadliest volcanic eruption in historical times. The drop in temperatures, due to the sulfuric dioxide gases spewed into the northern hemisphere, caused crop failures in Europe, droughts in India, and Japan's worst famine.

19)        Indonesia, 1815
Mount Tambora (volcano) on Sumbawa Island released about 50 cubic kilometers of magma over at least 500,000 square kilometers ofIndonesia and the Java Sea. That eruption and the resulting tsunami took at least 10,000 lives. But the famine and disease that followed took another 82,000 lives - total: over 90,000.
The 1815 eruption is rated 7 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index, the only such eruption since the Lake Taupo   
eruption in about 180 AD.[6] With an estimated ejecta volume of 160 cubic kilometers, Tambora's 1815 outburst was the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history. The explosion was heard on Sumatra island (more than 2,000 km (1,200 mi) away). Heavy volcanic ash falls were observed as far away as Borneo,SulawesiJava and Maluku islands. Most deaths from the eruption were from starvation and disease, as the eruptive fallout ruined agricultural productivity in the local region. The death toll was at least 71,000 people (the most deadly eruption in recorded history), of whom 11,000–12,000 were killed directly by the eruption;[6] the often-cited figure of 92,000 people killed is believed to be overestimated.[7] The eruption created global climate anomalies that included the phenomenon known as "volcanic winter": 1816 became known as the "Year Without a Summer" because of the effect on North American and European weather. Agricultural crops failed and livestock died in much of the Northern Hemisphere, resulting in the worst famine of the 19th century.

20)        Japan, 1826
Tsunami kills about 27,000.

Resources from (Wikipedia and David B. Hall)

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