Sunday, 2 October 2011

The worst Disaster ever to hit the world Part 3 (Final)

Hi Readers,

This is the final part of the world worst list of disaster ever occurred and to affect mankind. As you can see the first 2 part of list most of the event had caused million or maybe even billion of dollars required to rebuild the country. relief efforts from all over the world which arrived to assist victims of the after math...

Like the one occurred in the Caribbean 1902 the disaster struck the island left 2 survivors, and the rest of the population there were wiped out. 

Disaster caused Mother nature, are the one that cannot be avoided the a course has been set by the typhoon or an earthquake triggered and also volcanic eruption, Tsunami wave, these are the power of mother nature and even when we have all the technology that able to predict and tell us that a natural disaster will takes place soon or in the future to come, life maybe saved, but everything that we have build is gone. 

But there is one disaster and destruction that have similar effect and impact as the natural disaster. these types of destruction are the one caused by us human, WAR is the only destruction that we can avoid, an act that we can control but it still happen everywhere. Maybe my next list of disaster would be the one that caused by mankind ever to hit the world yah...

So back to my worst natural disaster list, this is the 3rd and final part of the list. so here it is..

41)  Chile, 1939
Some 28,000 people were killed from an 8.3 earthquake in Chile.
The 1939 Chillán earthquake was a major earthquake in south-central Chile. It is currently the single earthquake that has caused the most deaths in Chile. The earthquake occurred on 24 January 1939 and had an intensity of 8.3 MS. The death toll was around 30,000, compared to the 2,000 of the Great Chilean Earthquake of 1960.

At 23:32, the earth began to shake strongly underneath Chillán, destroying more than half of it, at around 3,500 homes (including the recently constructed Casa Rabié) which then was the city. After this quake, others came, which, although they were less intense, left the city completely destroyed. Until then, the Cathedral of Chillán had been one of the principal buildings of the area, but it was completely destroyed by the earthquake. The church that was built to replace the one destroyed in the earthquake was designed specifically to withstand future earthquakes.

42)  China, 1939
A flood takes about 200,000 lives.

43)  Turkey, 1939
More than 32,000 lives were lost from a 7.9 quake in Erzican Province.
The Erzincan earthquake of 1939 was a major natural disaster that hit the province of Erzincan in eastern Turkey at 1:57 am (GMT 11:57 pm) on December 27, 1939. The earthquake of seven violent shocks, the biggest one measuring 8.2 on the Richter scale, was the most powerful one to strike Turkey in recent history.
The first stage of the earthquake killed about 8,000 people. The next day, it was reported that the death toll had risen to 20,000. An emergency relief operation began. By the end of the year, 32,962 had died due to more earthquakes and several floods. So extensive was the damage to Erzincan city that its old site was entirely abandoned and a new town was founded a little further to the north.

44)  China, 1942 - 1943
A drought in the Henan province took the lives of more than a million people.

45)  Turkmenistan (USSR), 1948
A 7.3 earthquake took over 110,000 lives.
Extreme damage in Ashgabat (Ashkhabad) and nearby villages, where almost all brick buildings collapsed, concrete structures were heavily damaged and freight trains were derailed. Damage and casualties also occurred in the Darreh Gaz area, Iran. Surface rupture was observed both northwest and southeast of Ashgabat. Many sources list the casualty total at 10,000, but a news release on 9 Dec 1988 advised that the correct death toll was 110,000.

46)  India, 1950
Around 30,000 people lost their lives in a quake of 8.6 magnitude in Assam, India.
The 8.6 earthquake in India kills 20,000 to 30,000 

47)  World-wide, 1957
At least a hundred thousand people (some reports say over a million) died from the "Asian Flu" - about 70,000 in the USA alone.

48)  China, 1958 - 61
As many as 20 million people died in this famine. *

* We received the following response to this post
Sirs: I would ask that you consider re-characterizing the 20-30 million who died in China during the period 1959-61 as a political blunder rather than a famine. Famines are typically understood to be the result of diminished food production due to weather or other natural disasters. This was not the case in China. Food production was for the most part normal during this period. What changed was the desire of local cadre wanting to look good and reporting increased food production following Mao's politics of "right" practices. Mao's government simply took their share of the harvest, 50%. But since the reported harvest was in fact inflated, what resulted was the entire production being shipped to Beijing. This more accurately could be labeled Mao's Holocaust. Respectfully, Doug Searles

49)  Peru, 1970
A 7.9 earthquake and resulting landslides killed about  66,000 in Northern Peru.
The 1970 Ancash earthquake or Great Peruvian Earthquake was an underseaearthquake that occurred on May 31 of that year. Combined with a resultant landslide, it was the worst catastrophic natural disaster ever recorded in the history of Peru.
The earthquake affected the Peruvian regions of Ancash and La Libertad. The epicenter of the earthquake was located 35 km off the coast of Casma and Chimbote on the Pacific Ocean, where the Nazca Plate is being subducted by the South American Plate. It had a magnitude of 7.9 to 8.0 on the Richter scale and an intensity of up to VIII on the Mercalli scale. No significant tsunami was reported

50)  19-Bangladesh,1970 
In 1970, a cyclone and related floods killed about 500,000 people. With winds of up to 230 km/h, the cyclone crashed into the heavily populated coastal area of the Bay of Bengal, where several river deltas normally provide fertile land. The terrible winds produced massive waves, which wiped out many entire villages. Millions of people were left homeless in this country that is one of the most densely populated and one of the poorest in the world.

51)  Vietnam,1971
Red River flood flood leaves about 100,000 dead.
The Red River Delta (Vietnamese: Đồng Bằng Sông Hồng) is the flat plain formed by the Red Riverand its distributaries joining in the Thai Binh River in northern Vietnam. The delta measuring some 15,000 square km is well protected by a network of dikes. It is an agriculturally rich area and densely populated. Most of the land is devoted to rice cultivation.
Eight provinces together with two municipalities, the capital Hà Nội and the main port Hải Phòng form the delta. It has a population of about ten million.
The region was bombed during the Vietnam War.

52)  China,Tangshan-1976
The worst earthquake damage in modern times was in northeast China in 1976. It was July 28 when a massive quake, measuring 8.3 on the Richter scale, shook the industrial mining city of Tangshan. Officially 255,000 people died, and another 164,000 were severely injured. But others (unofficial, but perhaps more accurate?) estimate that about 655,000 perished. Some ninety per cent of the buildings were destroyed. It took at least ten years and massive investment to rebuild the city.

53)  Africa,1981-1984
Rivers and lakes dried up from the drought that had incredible impact on twenty African nations. During one season about 20,000 were starving to death EACH MONTH 150 million were facing starvation if help didn't come right away. People from around the world began to respond to this crisis - but for hundreds of thousandsof people, it was too late. (If you have figures for this, please let us know. When combined with other relatively recent African famines, the fugure is well over 1,000,000)

54)  Colombia,1985
Volcano Nevado Del Ruiz claimed the lives of at least 25,000 - mostly from the mudflow which resulted from the volcanic eruption.
The Nevado del Ruiz usually generates Plinian eruptions, which produce swift-moving currents of hot gas and rock called pyroclastic flows. These eruptions often cause massive lahars (mud and debris flows), which pose a threat to human life and the environment. On November 13, 1985, a small eruption produced an enormous lahar that buried and destroyed the town of Armero in Tolima, causing an estimated 23,000 deaths. This event later became known as the Armero tragedy—the deadliest lahar in recorded history. Similar but less deadly incidents occurred in 1595 and 1845, consisting of a small explosive eruption followed by a large lahar.

55)  Armenia,1988
An earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale devastated Armenia in 1988. At that time Armenia was a republic of the Soviet Union. The town of Spitak was destroyed and it took the lives of all of its residents. In Leninakan, Armenia's second largest city, eighty per cent of the buildings collapsed, and over 100,000 people perished there.
The Spitak Earthquake (also called Leninakan Earthquake and Gyumri Earthquake) was a tremor with a magnitude of 6.9, that took place on December 7, 1988 at 11:41 local time (07:41 UTC) in the Spitak region of Armenia, then part of the Soviet Union. The earthquake killed at least 25,000 people; geologists and earthquake engineering experts laid the blame on the poorly built support structures of apartments and other buildings built during the "stagnation" era of Leonid Brezhnev.

56)  Iran,1990
A 7.7 earthquake in northwest Iran killed at least 50,000 people.
The Manjil-Rudbar Earthquake occurred at 00:30:09 on June 21, 1990 (21:00:09 June 20, 1990 UTC). It caused widespread damage in areas within a one hundred kilometer radius of the epicenter near the city of Rasht and about two hundred kilometers northwest of Tehran. The cities of Rudbar, Manjil, and Lushan and 700 villages were destroyed, and over three hundred villages were affected. There was $200,000,000 not only in damage but in health care in damage in Gilan and Zanjan provinces southwest of the Caspian Sea.
100,000 adobe houses sustained major damage or collapsed resulting in forty thousand fatalities, and sixty thousand injured. 500,000 people were left homeless.

57)  Bangladesh,1991
Flooding again took its toll on this nation. About  139,000 lost their lives.
The 1991 Bangladesh cyclone (IMD designation:BOB 01, JTWC designation:02B) was among the deadliest tropical cyclones on record. On the night of 29 April 1991 a powerful tropical cyclone struck the Chittagong district of southeastern Bangladesh with winds of around 250 km/h (155 mph). The storm forced a 6 metre (20 ft) storm surge inland over a wide area, killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as 10 million homeless.
At least 138,000 people were killed by the storm, with the majority of deaths in the Chittagongarea. Most deaths were from drowning, with the highest mortality among children and the elderly. Although cyclone shelters had been built after the 1970 Bhola cyclone, many had just a few hours of warning and did not know where to go for shelter. Others who knew about the storm refused to evacuate because they did not believe the storm would be as bad as forecast. Even so it is estimated over 2 million people did evacuate from the most dangerous areas, possibly mitigating the disaster substantially. The storm caused an estimated $1.5 billion (1991 US dollars) in damage. The high velocity wind and the storm surge devastated the coastline. Although a concrete levee was in place near the mouth of the Karnaphuli River in Patenga, it was washed away by the storm surge. The cyclone uprooted a 100-ton crane from the Port of Chittagong, and smashed it on the Karnaphuli River Bridge, effectively breaking it into two partitions. A large number of boats and smaller ships ran aground. Bangladesh Navy and Bangladesh Air Force, both of which had bases in Chittagong, were also heavily hit. The Isha Khan Naval Base at Patenga was flooded, with heavy damages to the ships. Most of the fighter planes belonging to the air force were damaged. Approximately 1 million homes were destroyed, leaving about 10 million people (a substantial portion of Bangladesh's population) homeless.

58)  North Korea, 1995-98
Over 3 million are said to have died from famine and floods in North Korea.

59)  West Africa, 1996
About 25,000 loose their lives from a meningites outbreak.

60)  Iran, 2003
Earthquake in Bam, Iran, officially kills 26,271 people.
The 2003 Bam earthquake was a major earthquake that struck Bam and the surroundingKerman province of southeastern Iran at 1:56 AM UTC (5:26 AM Iran Standard Time) on Friday, December 26, 2003. The most widely accepted estimate for the magnitude of the earthquake is a moment magnitude (Mw) of 6.6; estimated by the United States Geological Survey. The earthquake was particularly destructive, with the death toll amounting to 26,271 people and injuring an additional 30,000. The effects of the earthquake were exacerbated by the use of mud brick as the standard construction medium; many of the area's structures did not comply with earthquake regulations set in 1989.

61)  12 South Asian Nations, 2004 – 2005
Earthquake of 9.0 and the resulting tsunami creates one of the world's worst disasters.  It does major damage to: Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Maldives, Somalia, Tanzania, Seychelles, Bangladesh, and Andaman.  Deaths: Between 235,000 and 285,000.

62)  South Asia, 2005 
Earthquake, primarily affecting Pakistan, but also India and Afganistan.  Current figures: over 50,000 dead.

63)  Haiti, 2010
Earthquate - still counting. Most estimates now exceed 220,000 dead.
The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with anepicentre near the town of Léogâne, approximately 25 km (16 miles) west of Port-au-Prince,Haiti's capital. The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time (21:53 UTC) on Tuesday, 12 January 2010.
By 24 January, at least 52 aftershocks measuring 4.5 or greater had been recorded. An estimated three million people were affected by the quake; the Haitian government reported that an estimated 316,000 people had died, 300,000 had been injured and 1,000,000 made homeless.International agencies, including the United States Agency for International Development, have suggested that the death toll is much lower at somewhere between 46,000 and 92,000,and 220,000, with around 1.5 million to 1.8 million homeless.The government of Haiti also estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged…

Looks like I missed out 3 disaster.....anyway these information are the one that had severely affected mankind be it lost of life as well as lost in property, and most of all the economy of the country like the one that hit Haiti in 2010. 
To get the actual information of these disaster you can visit these site for information

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